Diabetes – Everything You Should Know About Diabetes

Nowadays, several diseases are circulating in our environment. Most of the diseases are due to carelessness and poor diet intake. Diabetes is one of those diseases. It is very common among people. Every 7 out of 10 has diabetes.

This article has everything that you need to know about it for its cure. Let’s dig into it.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus is another name for simply called diabetes. It is a metabolic disease that is responsible for elevating the blood sugar level in the body. The hormone insulin moves the sugar from the blood of the body into cells to store and utilize the energy. When you have diabetes, your body fails to make enough insulin or you can’t use the insulin which is already made in the body.

Untreated high blood pressure due to diabetes can cause several health hazards. It is responsible for damaging the nerves, eyes, liver, kidneys, and other organs. However, taking precautionary steps to maintain the sugar level body is essential.

There are a few common types:

Type 1: it is an autoimmune disease that destroys the cell in the pancreas where insulin is made.
Type 2: It occurs when our body becomes resistant to sugar maintaining hormone, insulin. This type causes sugar to build up in the body.
Type 1.5: Type 1.5 diabetes is also called latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, commonly known as LADA. It is responsible for type 2 eventually. It is an autoimmune disease and can not be cured by changing diet or lifestyle. However, medicines can help you to treat this diabetes.



The main symptom of diabetes is a rise in blood sugar levels. The symptoms of the above-mentioned three types are the same, but they occur in shorter periods as compared to types 2 and 1.5. However, some general symptoms of diabetes are given as follows:

⦁ Increase in thirst
⦁ Increased hunger
⦁ Sudden weight loss
⦁ Blurry vision
⦁ Frequent urination
⦁ Severe fatigue
⦁ Untreatable sores.

Symptoms in males
⦁ A reduced sex drive
⦁ Dysfunction of erectile
⦁ Bad muscle strength

Symptoms in females
⦁ Dry vagina
⦁ Urinary tract infections
⦁ Itchy and dry skin

Causes of diabetes
Several different causes are associated with each type of diabetes. Some common causes of each are listed below:

Type 1
Doctors and healthcare providers are not sure about the main cause of diabetes type 1. For some reason, this type of diabetes can occur when the immune system attacks the insulin and destroys it. Thus, reduced insulin raises the blood sugar level. This can also occur due to some activity of genes in some people.

Type 2
Type 2 diabetes is generally caused by poor lifestyle and genetic problems. If you are obese, then you can also fall prey to diabetes more early than normal people. The extra weight makes your cell more resistant to the working of insulin.

Type 1.5
It is an autoimmune disorder when our antibodies attack the pancreas and thus destroy the insulin. It may also occur due to genetic disorders, but it requires more research.

High blood sugar can damage different body organs and tissues. If you have a higher blood sugar level and you leave it untreated then there are huge risks for health hazards that can destroy your well-being. Some of the common complications are

⦁ Heart disease
⦁ Neural damage
⦁ Kidney damage
⦁ Vision loss
⦁ Infections and sores in your foot
⦁ Hearing problems
⦁ Depression and anxiety.

All these diseases can lead to serious health complications that can destroy your healthy body and healthy life. So it is important to see a doctor in the very beginning if you feel any symptoms of high sugar levels.


The main treatment of diabetes is the proper working of insulin, a hormone that controls the high sugar level. Several treatments can cure type 1 and type 1.5 diabetes mainly.

⦁ Rapid-acting insulin
⦁ Short-acting insulin
⦁ Intermediate-acting insulin
⦁ Long-acting insulin
⦁ Premixed insulin
⦁ Some drugs and medicines can also cure it at the initial stages.

Diet, exercise, and diabetes

A healthy and balanced diet with exercise play a crucial role in maintaining the high blood sugar in the body. You should avoid food which has a high content of sugars and eat more energetic fruits and vegetables. Protein can also play a good role in maintaining your body weight and providing you with essential nutrients. Also, try to be more active throughout the day.

Final words
Diabetes is a very common blood-sugar-related disorder. It can occur due to several factors, and if left untreated, can damage other cells and organs of the body.

Proper medication and a healthy diet are essential factors in maintaining the blood sugar level.